- Italian: Monte Vesuvio, Latin: Mons Vesuvius. One of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world.
- Known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
- Eyewitness account of Pliny the Younger, a Roman administrator and poet.
- Located in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore.
Italy, Mount Vesuvius, Naples, Pliny the Younger